Substance abuse is inevitable without adequate knowledge on the content, potency, possible addictive features and side effects of the substance. In most cases people turn to anabolic steroids to boost their competitive advantage and overall performance. This doesn’t necessarily mean they are aware of the physical, mental and emotional effects of steroid usage.
What are steroids? These are highly potent performance drugs which influence the hormonal system causing an extra production of testosterone. These actions lead to rapid cell and tissue increase. The resultant effect is a massive weight gain, improved muscle capacity which gives competitive advantage in physical activities such as professional sports, gym, and the likes.
Even though the use of steroid is illegal and has legal consequences, it is still being used in schools, professional sports and other environment. There are no various ways to avoid getting caught. Steroid detection tests are conducted using a urine sample; however these tests can be passed by the use of masking agents which make steroids undetectable in urine. Some masking agents are furosemide and bumetanide.
Excessive usage of anabolic drugs in females often lead to the acquisition of male features such as deep voice, baldness, extreme violence and aggressive behavior, excess bodily hair growth. This is a female reaction but a more general health implication for anabolic steroid abuse is;
- Aggressive behaviors and depression which could lead to suicide in extreme cases
- Possible liver disease and risk of liver cancer
- Acne is often symptomatic of anabolic steroid abuse
- The heart is exposed to so much pressure and risks such as hypertrophy which is an enlargement of the heart muscles. This condition can lead to palpitations, elevated blood pressure, risk of heart attack or stroke. Steroids may also cause an increase in cholesterol levels and elevated levels of sugar in the blood.
There are medical therapies for steroid abuse. Most effects can be reversed when treated on time; hence it is necessary to seek the help of a medical professional in conditions of steroid abuse.